|2003年02月21日10:27:26 空中美语 |
The novel begins with Santiago, a shepherd boy, having a vision about finding treasure among the pyramids of Egypt. Inspired by this dream, he decides to sell his sheep and sets out on a journey that will take him far from home.
Some of Santiago's encounters are intrinsically negative, but each contributes to the realization of his dream in one way or another. At one point, all of Santiago's money is stolen, and he is forced to take a job as a Muslim shopkeeper's assistant. After a year, however, Santiago has earned enough money to return to his dream, and has also played a part in helping the shopkeeper fulfill his: The shopkeeper puts aside his fears and follows his heart to Mecca.
Santiago finds his treasure in the end, but the most valuable thing he gains is the knowledge of how to live out his dream and help others to realize theirs. Though it is not stated explicitly in the book, Santiago is himself an alchemist—someone like Coelho, who has the power to take something common and render it remarkable.
1. vision n. a dream; sth. that is seen like a dream (because one is sick, using drugs, etc.) 梦幻；梦境
Gillian had strange visions when she was sick with a fever.
2. set out v. phr. to begin (of a trip or journey) 出发；动身
Marsha got into her car and set out for the city.
3. encounter n. an experience sb. has with sb./sth. else 相遇；遭遇
After they collided, the angry drivers got out of their cars and had an unpleasant encounter.
4. assistant n. sb. who helps sb. else in a task 助手；店员
Before she was promoted, Harriet was the dean's assistant.
5. live out v. phr. to do the things one is fated to do, that one has dreamed of, etc. 实现
Lori lived out her parents' expectations and studied biology in university.
6. explicitly adv. directly; without the need of guessing 明确地
Street signs are designed to tell drivers explicitly what rules are in effect.
More Information 仅供参考，不须强记
1. shepherd n. 牧羊人
2. pyramid n. 金字塔
3. intrinsically adv. 本质地；内在固有地
The average person would rather leave their dream unfulfilled than risk everything ...
句型：would rather V原形 ... than V原形
= prefer to V原形 ... rather than V原形
= prefer V-ing ... to V-ing
解析：本句型意思是“宁可 ......，也不愿 ......”，表示现在或将来的情况。其中would 是“情态动词”。
注意：如果 would rather接从句，则带有假设语气，此时从句中的动词要用过去式。
例如：I'd rather you came here earlier.
例1：Eddie would rather be a couch potato than exercise regularly.
例2： For the sake of convenience, many people prefer watching DVDs at home to going to movie theaters.